Creating Automated Test Scripts in QTP

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Automated testing has become an essential part of the software development lifecycle, enabling organizations to improve the efficiency, reliability, and coverage of their testing efforts. One of the popular tools for creating automated test scripts is Quick Test Professional (QTP), now known as HP Unified Functional Testing (UFT). This paper will provide a step-by-step guide on how to create automated test scripts in QTP/UFT.

Understanding QTP/UFT

QTP/UFT is a comprehensive functional testing tool that allows users to create, execute, and maintain automated tests for a wide range of applications, including web, desktop, and mobile. The tool provides a user-friendly interface and a variety of features to simplify the automation process.

Preparing for Automated Testing

Before creating an automated test script in QTP/UFT, ensure that you have the following:

  1. Application Under Test: Ensure that the application you want to test is installed and accessible.
  2. QTP/UFT Installation: Install QTP/UFT on your system, following the vendor’s instructions.
  3. Test Objectives: Clearly define the test objectives and the functionality you want to automate.

Creating an Automated Test Script

To create an automated test script in QTP/UFT, follow these steps:

Step 1: Launch QTP/UFT

Open the QTP/UFT application on your system.

Step 2: Create a New Test

Click on the «File» menu and select «New Test» to create a new test script.

Step 3: Record the Test

Use the «Record» feature in QTP/UFT to record the user actions you want to automate. This will generate the initial test script.

Step 4: Enhance the Test Script

Review the recorded test script and make any necessary modifications, such as adding verification points, handling dynamic elements, and incorporating data-driven testing.

Step 5: Parameterize the Test

Identify the input data and variables in the test script and parameterize them to make the script more reusable and maintainable.

Step 6: Implement Error Handling

Incorporate error handling mechanisms, such as exception handling and recovery scenarios, to ensure the script can handle unexpected situations.

Step 7: Run the Test

Execute the automated test script and verify that it runs successfully and produces the expected results.

Maintaining Automated Test Scripts

Maintaining automated test scripts is crucial to ensure their long-term effectiveness. Consider the following best practices:

  1. Document the Test Scripts: Thoroughly document the test scripts, including the purpose, steps, and any special considerations.
  2. Implement Version Control: Use a version control system to manage changes to the test scripts and ensure traceability.
  3. Perform Regular Maintenance: Regularly review and update the test scripts to keep them aligned with changes in the application under test.

Integrating QTP/UFT with Other Tools

QTP/UFT can be integrated with various other tools to enhance the overall testing process, such as:

  • Test Management Tools: Integrate with tools like ALM/Quality Center to manage test cases, track defects, and generate reports.
  • Continuous Integration Tools: Integrate with tools like Jenkins or Azure DevOps to automate the execution of test scripts as part of the CI/CD pipeline.
  • Data Management Tools: Integrate with tools like Informatica or Delphix to manage test data effectively.


Creating automated test scripts in QTP/UFT can significantly improve the efficiency, reliability, and coverage of your testing efforts. By following the steps outlined in this paper and adhering to best practices for maintenance and integration, organizations can leverage the power of QTP/UFT to deliver high-quality software that meets the needs of their customers.


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